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Jappleng Mini-Lessons

Jappleng Mini-Lessons Course Menu ☰

How to count in Japanese: Numbers 10 to 99

Lesson overview

In the previous lesson we have learned how to count from zero to nine and their superstitions. Today we will learn how to count from ten to ninety-nine. If you haven’t read the previous lesson then I would recommend that you do so by Clicking Here. You will find it very useful even if it’s just to learn the various supersitions or difference between onyomi(音読み) and kunyomi(訓読み).You may prefer to use our JPLearn! Course lesson on counting in Japanese as it features up-to-date revisions and improvements as well as interactive flash cards. It's free to use and you may go to it here. This lesson was created before it.

Counting from 10 to 19

Counting from 10 to 19 isn’t entirely difficult. In fact all you really need to do is memorize the number 10 and then add any number from 1-9 after it.Counter | EXAMPLE | ROMAJI | JAPANESE |
---|---|---|---|

10 | Ten | Jyuu | 十 |

11 | Ten+One | Jyuu-ichi | 十一 |

12 | Ten+Two | Jyuu-ni | 十二 |

13 | Ten+Three | Jyuu-san | 十三 |

14 | Ten+Four | Jyuu-yon | 十四 |

15 | Ten+Five | Jyuu-go | 十五 |

16 | Ten+Six | Jyuu-roku | 十六 |

17 | Ten+Seven | Jyuu-nana | 十七 |

18 | Ten+Eight | Jyuu-hachi | 十八 |

19 | Ten+Nine | Jyuu-kyuu | 十九 |

Incidentally, Jyuu-San has a superstition much like in western culture whereas it is considered unlucky and as a result this number may not appear in elevators, apartment numbers, airline seats and so on.

Sometimes, the number 14 is revered as unlucky as well as it contains the number 4 which when pronounced as shi can also mean death. Many refuse to use shi while counting but replace it with yon.Given the title, this may seem like a big jump but counting from 20 to 99 is not as difficult as it may seem.

In fact, you have learned how to count up to nineteen by adding a number next to ten. To count up to ninety-nine, it is exactly the same thing except preceding the number ten. In other words, the order of numbers is Two-Ten for twenty and likewise, Two+Ten+One is twenty-one.

Counter | EXAMPLE | ROMAJI | JAPANESE |
---|---|---|---|

20 | Two+Ten | Ni-Jyuu | 二十 |

21 | Two+Ten+One | Ni-Jyuu-ichi | 二十一 |

22 | Two+Ten+Two | Ni-Jyuu-ni | 二十二 |

23 | Two+Ten+Three | Ni-Jyuu-san | 二十三 |

24 | Two+Ten+Four | Ni-Jyuu-yon | 二十四 |

25 | Two+Ten+Five | Ni-Jyuu-go | 二十五 |

26 | Two+Ten+Six | Ni-Jyuu-roku | 二十六 |

27 | Two+Ten+Seven | Ni-Jyuu-nana | 二十七 |

28 | Two+Ten+Eight | Ni-Jyuu-hachi | 二十八 |

29 | Two+Ten+Nine | Ni-Jyuu-kyuu | 二十九 |

Finally we reach San Jyuu, otherwise known as thirty. The number 43 is an interesting number because in Japan, it is widely avoided even today in maternity wards because it literally translates to "still birth".There really isn't much more to this lesson but here's a chart that should be beneficial to you to use as reference.

Counter | EXAMPLE | ROMAJI | JAPANESE |
---|---|---|---|

10 | Ten | Jyuu | 十 |

11 | Ten+One | Jyuu-ichi | 十一 |

12 | Ten+Two | Jyuu-ni | 十二 |

13 | Ten+Three | Jyuu-san | 十三 |

14 | Ten+Four | Jyuu-yon | 十四 |

15 | Ten+Five | Jyuu-go | 十五 |

16 | Ten+Six | Jyuu-roku | 十六 |

17 | Ten+Seven | Jyuu-nana | 十七 |

18 | Ten+Eight | Jyuu-hachi | 十八 |

19 | Ten+Nine | Jyuu-kyuu | 十九 |

20 | Two+Ten | Ni-Jyuu | 二十 |

21 | Two+Ten+One | Ni-Jyuu-ichi | 二十一 |

22 | Two+Ten+Two | Ni-Jyuu-ni | 二十二 |

23 | Two+Ten+Three | Ni-Jyuu-san | 二十三 |

24 | Two+Ten+Four | Ni-Jyuu-yon | 二十四 |

25 | Two+Ten+Five | Ni-Jyuu-go | 二十五 |

26 | Two+Ten+Six | Ni-Jyuu-roku | 二十六 |

27 | Two+Ten+Seven | Ni-Jyuu-nana | 二十七 |

28 | Two+Ten+Eight | Ni-Jyuu-hachi | 二十八 |

29 | Two+Ten+Nine | Ni-Jyuu-kyuu | 二十九 |

30 | Three+Ten | San-Jyuu | 三十 |

40 | Four+Ten | yon-Jyuu | 四十 |

50 | Five+Ten | Go-Jyuu | 五十 |

60 | Six+Ten | Roku-Jyuu | 六十 |

70 | Seven+Ten | nana-Jyuu | 七十 |

80 | Eight+Ten | Hachi-Jyuu | 八十 |

90 | Nine+Ten | Kyuu-Jyuu | 九十 |

99 | Nine+Ten+Nine | Kyuu-Jyuu-Kyuu | 九十九 |

Japanese Number Generator 0 to 99

Our number generator can be found in the JPLearn! Course lessons.To gain free access to this course: Click Here

To gain free access to the updated version of this lesson found on JPLearn! with the Number Generator, Click Here.

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Lesson Resources