Join Jappleng today!
Username
Password
Cancel
Login
Your Avatar
J-Spot Social Network
Fanclubs & Study Groups
Find New Friends / Pen-Pal
JPLearn! - Volume I
Counting in Japanese Part 2: 10-99
Counting in Japanese Part 2: 10-99
Lesson Overview

This is part 2 of 3 in learning how to count in Japanese. If you haven’t completed the previous lesson, please do as you will likely be lost and unable to understand some of the content herein.

We’ve previously discussed the differences between onyomi and kunyomi, number-related Japanese superstitions, two methods of counting by hand used in Japan, and numbers 0 to 9. In this lesson we will be continuing from 10 to 99.

Counting from 10 to 19

There is a slight difference in counting beyond the number 10 between the English language and Japanese. In English the number 11 is eleven, but in Japanese it’s ten-one. We’ll be explaining this for each number up to 19 to illustrate how this works.

CounterEXAMPLEROMAJIJAPANESE
10TenJyuu
11Ten+OneJyuu-ichi十一
12Ten+TwoJyuu-ni十二
13Ten+ThreeJyuu-san十三
14Ten+FourJyuu-yon十四
15Ten+FiveJyuu-go十五
16Ten+SixJyuu-roku十六
17Ten+SevenJyuu-nana十七
18Ten+EightJyuu-hachi十八
19Ten+NineJyuu-kyuu十九

Incidentally, Jyuu-San has a superstition much like in western culture whereas it is considered unlucky and as a result this number may not appear in elevators, apartment numbers, airline seats and so on. Sometimes, the number 14 is revered as unlucky as well as it contains the number 4 which when pronounced as shi which can also mean death. Many refuse to use shi while counting but replace it with yon as explained before.

Counting from 20 to 99

To proceed from 19 to 20, how do you think we’ll go about this? That’s right; we’ll use two-ten to count 20. If we want to count 30 we’ll say three-ten and for 40 we’ll use four-ten and so on. Let’s go through this list of numbers and see the pattern.

CounterEXAMPLEROMAJIJAPANESE
20Two+TenNi-Jyuu二十
21Two+Ten+OneNi-Jyuu-ichi二十一
22Two+Ten+TwoNi-Jyuu-ni二十二
23Two+Ten+ThreeNi-Jyuu-san二十三
24Two+Ten+FourNi-Jyuu-yon二十四
25Two+Ten+FiveNi-Jyuu-go二十五
26Two+Ten+SixNi-Jyuu-roku二十六
27Two+Ten+SevenNi-Jyuu-nana二十七
28Two+Ten+EightNi-Jyuu-hachi二十八
29Two+Ten+NineNi-Jyuu-kyuu二十九

That should have been fairly straight-forward now that we understand the pattern. We can apply the very same pattern for 30, 31, 32, and all the way to 99! Let’s go through the many examples for clarification.

CounterEXAMPLEROMAJIJAPANESE
10TenJyuu
11Ten+OneJyuu-ichi十一
12Ten+TwoJyuu-ni十二
13Ten+ThreeJyuu-san十三
14Ten+FourJyuu-yon十四
15Ten+FiveJyuu-go十五
16Ten+SixJyuu-roku十六
17Ten+SevenJyuu-nana十七
18Ten+EightJyuu-hachi十八
19Ten+NineJyuu-kyuu十九
20Two+TenNi-Jyuu二十
21Two+Ten+OneNi-Jyuu-ichi二十一
22Two+Ten+TwoNi-Jyuu-ni二十二
23Two+Ten+ThreeNi-Jyuu-san二十三
24Two+Ten+FourNi-Jyuu-yon二十四
25Two+Ten+FiveNi-Jyuu-go二十五
26Two+Ten+SixNi-Jyuu-roku二十六
27Two+Ten+SevenNi-Jyuu-nana二十七
28Two+Ten+EightNi-Jyuu-hachi二十八
29Two+Ten+NineNi-Jyuu-kyuu二十九
30Three+TenSan-Jyuu三十
40Four+Tenyon-Jyuu四十
50Five+TenGo-Jyuu五十
60Six+TenRoku-Jyuu六十
70Seven+Tennana-Jyuu七十
80Eight+TenHachi-Jyuu八十
90Nine+TenKyuu-Jyuu九十
99Nine+Ten+NineKyuu-Jyuu-Kyuu九十九
Kanji Practice

In the previous lesson, we’ve learned how to recognize and write the numbers 1 to 5, and now we can continue learning the remainder of these basic kanji.

Roku
Draw your first stroke from top to bottom then follow the second stroke from left to right. Your third stroke will be the bottom left stroke “leg” from top to bottom going left and finally the stroke to the right of it.
Click to expand
Shichi
Instead of starting from the top-most, begin by drawing the horizontal stroke first. Now move from top to bottom in one stroke to complete the kanji.
Click to expand
Hachi
Start with the left stroke moving down and then the second stroke move top to bottom.
Click to expand
Kyuu
Draw this one similarly to how you would with か by starting with the top middle stroke going down then from left to right in one stroke.
Click to expand
Juu
Left to right, top to bottom.
Click to expand
Click to expand

Number Generators (0 to 99)

We have developed random number generators that should help you learn these numbers rather quickly. Please refer back to the previous lesson for more tips on learning how to count. Remember; click next to display a new number.

The purpose of these generators are not to test your knowledge of these numbers but rather your ability to recall their meaning. The faster you are at these numbers, the better you understand them. This may sound obvious but you’ll realize how true this really is the more you practice.

What is the Japanese Translation?
29
NEXT →
What does this romaji mean?
juu nana
NEXT →
What does this Kanji mean? ( 1 - 99 )
NEXT →
Final Notes

We have arrived at the end of another lesson, and while this lesson was a little easier than the last, we will be able to take that time to learn a few new hiragana characters.
Click to Collect Assignments
Lesson Resources
There are no downloadable or external resources for this lesson.
Assignments and Progress
You must login to use this feature.
Vocabulary Reminder
You must be logged-in in order to track your vocabulary and use flash-cards.
Practice Japanese!
Newest Lessons in Subscribed Courses
You must be logged-in to view this module.
About Jappleng and Fun Facts
Terms of use | Privacy Policy | Cookies? Om nom...
© 2019 Jappleng, All Rights are Reserved | Need an account? Registration is free!
Information for Parents & Teachers
Help & Getting Started