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JPLearn! - Volume I
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Chapter: 1 Lesson: 12 - Counting in Japanese Part 2: 10-99

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Lesson added on: March 3, 2018 04:12pm
Let's Begin the Lesson!
Lesson Overview

This is part 2 of 3 in learning how to count in Japanese. If you haven’t completed the previous lesson, please do as you will likely be lost and unable to understand some of the content herein.

We’ve previously discussed the differences between onyomi and kunyomi, number-related Japanese superstitions, two methods of counting by hand used in Japan, and numbers 0 to 9. In this lesson we will be continuing from 10 to 99.

Counting from 10 to 19

There is a slight difference in counting beyond the number 10 between the English language and Japanese. In English the number 11 is eleven, but in Japanese it’s ten-one. We’ll be explaining this for each number up to 19 to illustrate how this works.

Counter EXAMPLE ROMAJI JAPANESE
10 Ten Jyuu
11 Ten+One Jyuu-ichi 十一
12 Ten+Two Jyuu-ni 十二
13 Ten+Three Jyuu-san 十三
14 Ten+Four Jyuu-yon 十四
15 Ten+Five Jyuu-go 十五
16 Ten+Six Jyuu-roku 十六
17 Ten+Seven Jyuu-nana 十七
18 Ten+Eight Jyuu-hachi 十八
19 Ten+Nine Jyuu-kyuu 十九

Incidentally, Jyuu-San has a superstition much like in western culture whereas it is considered unlucky and as a result this number may not appear in elevators, apartment numbers, airline seats and so on. Sometimes, the number 14 is revered as unlucky as well as it contains the number 4 which when pronounced as shi which can also mean death. Many refuse to use shi while counting but replace it with yon as explained before.

Counting from 20 to 99

To proceed from 19 to 20, how do you think we’ll go about this? That’s right; we’ll use two-ten to count 20. If we want to count 30 we’ll say three-ten and for 40 we’ll use four-ten and so on. Let’s go through this list of numbers and see the pattern.

Counter EXAMPLE ROMAJI JAPANESE
20 Two+Ten Ni-Jyuu 二十
21 Two+Ten+One Ni-Jyuu-ichi 二十一
22 Two+Ten+Two Ni-Jyuu-ni 二十二
23 Two+Ten+Three Ni-Jyuu-san 二十三
24 Two+Ten+Four Ni-Jyuu-yon 二十四
25 Two+Ten+Five Ni-Jyuu-go 二十五
26 Two+Ten+Six Ni-Jyuu-roku 二十六
27 Two+Ten+Seven Ni-Jyuu-nana 二十七
28 Two+Ten+Eight Ni-Jyuu-hachi 二十八
29 Two+Ten+Nine Ni-Jyuu-kyuu 二十九

That should have been fairly straight-forward now that we understand the pattern. We can apply the very same pattern for 30, 31, 32, and all the way to 99! Let’s go through the many examples for clarification.

Counter EXAMPLE ROMAJI JAPANESE
10 Ten Jyuu
11 Ten+One Jyuu-ichi 十一
12 Ten+Two Jyuu-ni 十二
13 Ten+Three Jyuu-san 十三
14 Ten+Four Jyuu-yon 十四
15 Ten+Five Jyuu-go 十五
16 Ten+Six Jyuu-roku 十六
17 Ten+Seven Jyuu-nana 十七
18 Ten+Eight Jyuu-hachi 十八
19 Ten+Nine Jyuu-kyuu 十九
20 Two+Ten Ni-Jyuu 二十
21 Two+Ten+One Ni-Jyuu-ichi 二十一
22 Two+Ten+Two Ni-Jyuu-ni 二十二
23 Two+Ten+Three Ni-Jyuu-san 二十三
24 Two+Ten+Four Ni-Jyuu-yon 二十四
25 Two+Ten+Five Ni-Jyuu-go 二十五
26 Two+Ten+Six Ni-Jyuu-roku 二十六
27 Two+Ten+Seven Ni-Jyuu-nana 二十七
28 Two+Ten+Eight Ni-Jyuu-hachi 二十八
29 Two+Ten+Nine Ni-Jyuu-kyuu 二十九
30 Three+Ten San-Jyuu 三十
40 Four+Ten yon-Jyuu 四十
50 Five+Ten Go-Jyuu 五十
60 Six+Ten Roku-Jyuu 六十
70 Seven+Ten nana-Jyuu 七十
80 Eight+Ten Hachi-Jyuu 八十
90 Nine+Ten Kyuu-Jyuu 九十
99 Nine+Ten+Nine Kyuu-Jyuu-Kyuu 九十九
Kanji Practice

In the previous lesson, we’ve learned how to recognize and write the numbers 1 to 5, and now we can continue learning the remainder of these basic kanji.

Roku
Draw your first stroke from top to bottom then follow the second stroke from left to right. Your third stroke will be the bottom left stroke “leg” from top to bottom going left and finally the stroke to the right of it.
Click to expand
Shichi
Instead of starting from the top-most, begin by drawing the horizontal stroke first. Now move from top to bottom in one stroke to complete the kanji.
Click to expand
Hachi
Start with the left stroke moving down and then the second stroke move top to bottom.
Click to expand
Kyuu
Draw this one similarly to how you would with か by starting with the top middle stroke going down then from left to right in one stroke.
Click to expand
Juu
Left to right, top to bottom.
Click to expand
Click to expand

Number Generators (0 to 99)

We have developed random number generators that should help you learn these numbers rather quickly. Please refer back to the previous lesson for more tips on learning how to count. Remember; click next to display a new number.

The purpose of these generators are not to test your knowledge of these numbers but rather your ability to recall their meaning. The faster you are at these numbers, the better you understand them. This may sound obvious but you’ll realize how true this really is the more you practice.

What is the Japanese Translation?
29
NEXT →
What does this romaji mean?
juu nana
NEXT →
What does this Kanji mean? ( 1 - 99 )
NEXT →
Final Notes

We have arrived at the end of another lesson, and while this lesson was a little easier than the last, we will be able to take that time to learn a few new hiragana characters.
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